Lesson 1

             The Simplest Sentence & Bottom-line Basics               

      Example Set #1    a.  Come!
                        b.  Go!
                        c.  Think!
                        d.  Jump!
                        e.  Smile!

      Perhaps these five 'utterances' share certain common characteristics or 
even a common pattern or set of features.  If so, then we need a term to name
the pattern, and other terms to name the separate features.  If you note any
pattern(s) or striking similarities, list your observations here before
Emotion word in a question Action word in a simple declaration Action word in an exclamatory command Emotion word in an imperative
Now consider the five new 'utterances' in Example Set #2 below. Does any part of the 'utterance' in Set # 2 resemble the 'utterances' in Set #1 in any way? List the similar parts in the blanks below to the right of Set #2. Which word in #2 resembles #1 utterance? Example Set #2 a. Fads fade. = b. Art endures. = c. Scholars work. = d. Santa laughs. = e. Birds fly. = Perhaps these five new 'utterances' have their own special set of characteristics. List your observations below; try to be as precise as possible in describing the similarities that you notice: Two action words in an exclamation An action word & a name word in a declarative statement A name word & an action word in a command A name word & an emotion word in a statement
Now in the Omni-functional Daily Drill Sheet [ODDS], check two #1-type utterances in red & #2-type utterances in green. Then find and circle ten (10) 'utterance-parts' or word-groups that have the same pattern as you observed and listed above in Set #2. Number your circled selections. You should do this exercise on a separate sheet to hand in before continuing. In fact, it might be worthwhile for you to read the entire Drill Sheet and to compare what Plato has to say there about 'utterances' to what you have just observed and written down above. Now that you have read Plato's remarks and thought some more about the characteristics of utterances, you may be ready to undertake a first attempt at defining clearly and exactly some very important traditional terms such as 'word' and 'sentence'. Write down your suggestions before continuing: A word is one syllable or more that expresses an name or action & a sentence is a statement. A word is a set of letters & a sentence is a set of words. A word is a set of syllables & a sentence is a statement or question. A word is one syllable or more that expresses an name or action. & a sentence has to have both types of words.